»A world without poverty, violent conflicts and ecological destruction.« Goals of the BMZ
Edible forests in Bolivia and Madagascar
The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is currently funding two Naturefund projects. The aim of both projects is to improve the living conditions of smallholder farmers through dynamic agroforestry. Dynamic agroforestry is a relatively new method of cultivating many trees along with agricultural products. Natural mechanisms such as high biodiversity, high plant density and also the regular cut of the plants are used and systematically intensified. In a short time, highly productive green oases are created that offer families a variety of products for their own diet and for the markets. At the same time, the soil recovers and a natural habitat for the variety of species develops.
The project in Bolivia takes place in the highlands in the Valley of Cochabamba and the Tunari National Park. The BMZ has supported two phases so far: Phase I in 2014 with 17 families and Phase II in 2015-2016 with 79 families. In this time 13,000 trees were planted , mainly local and endemic species, but also 5,000 fruit trees such as apple, walnut or peach. An analysis of the change in the income of 44 families in the Sacaba project region shows the following results:
- Phase I 2014: 14 families participated, of which 7 established their plots on the worst soils, which have not yielded so far: average income before: 291.43 BOB, with the project: 902.86 BOB, income increased in the second year by: 209.8%
- Phase II 2015-2016: 19 families participated, of which 8 established their plots on the worst soils, which have not yielded so far: average income before: 343.33 BOB, with the project: 833.89 BOB, income increased in the first year by: 142.88%
Commentary of a farmer: "Our Agroforestgarden is like a market that offers almost everything: If I want onions, lettuce, broccoli or peas, I just go and get them. Not everything is there all the time but I've been able to reap the whole year around. "
Phase II was promoted by the climatic partners of the Blue Planet Certificate. Currently, Naturefund and the BMZ are preparing Phase III, which should support 160 families. As soon as phase III starts in Bolivia, probably in the summer of 2017, the partners have the possibility to use their contribution for climate protection in this project.
Edible forests and the protection of rainforest in Madagascar
Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a unique endemic fauna and flora. Poverty, ignorance and unsustainable cultivation methods lead to a widespread destruction of the ecosystems with negative consequences, especially for poor people. Naturefund started a pilot project in 2015 at two locations with 10 small-scale farming families to test whether dynamic agroforestry also works in Madagascar. The results were very good; The parcels turned into green paradises in a short time and the families had as much food as never before. Even so-called cashcrops showed astonishing results: cocoa, which usually bears fruits for the first time after three to four years, had numerous cocoa fruits after 18 months.
In 2016 Naturefund starts a project in the north east of the island with the support of the BMZ. North of the vanilla capital Sambava lies the last large rainforest area of the region, Makirovana. At the edges of the rainforest, where the agricultural and often deforested areas begin, we currently support 50 families to convert their land to a dynamic agroforest. We also planted 13,000 trees of native local varieties in the village of Ankorakabe in May.
The project in Madagascar is currently supported by the climate partners of the Blue Planet Certificate (June 2017).